Bed wetting due to urination is also medically termed as sleep enuresis or nocturnal enuresis (if it happens at night). This is a condition characterized by involuntary (not by will) urination on bed while an individual is asleep.

It is a fairly common condition in young children and is seen as a sign of an immature, developing bladder. It is estimated that 15% of children over three, and 10% over five wet the bed occasionally. Medically, bed wetting in children is not considered to be a sign of a problem unless the child is older than seven years old, or the child has begun wetting the bed again after six months of maintaining overnight bladder control.

However, when adults wet the bed it is often an indication of an underlying illness, disease, or a symptom of other untreated medical conditions simply because normal adults had a mature genitourinary system capable of controlling urination at night. This also can be embarrassing, lead to development of low self esteem or relationship problems

Here are some of the causes of bed wetting in adults

  • Genetics is implicated as its often observed in more than one family member with same parents
  • Stress, anxiety, fear, and other psychological issues
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Small size of the bladder caused by cancer, compression by pregnancy or fibroids, or surgical complication
  • Damage of sphincters (which control urinary flow along the urethra) due to accidents, surgery or serious infections
  • Diabetes
  • Side effects of medications e.g. some used in treatment of high blood pressure, mental problems
  • Nerve disorders due to accidents affecting the spinal cord, nutrient deficiencies or old age
  • An imbalance of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which reduces on the amount of water in urine hence frequency of urination

Alcohol intake or consumption of caffeine containing products like coffee and some beverages can worsen the problem

An adult will need a complete thorough assessment by a doctor to find out the cause of bed wetting hence facilitate its treatment which may be done by use of drugs or surgery in addition to lifestyle modifications

Here are some home remedies and lifestyle modifications which may help:

  • Set fluid intake limitations at least 3 hours before sleep
  • Reduce or cut out caffeine and alcohol from diet
  • Make urinating a routine. Use an alarm clock to wake you up to urinate at least once every night
  • Empty the bladder before bedtime even when you don’t quite feel like urinating

If these home remedies don’t help at all, consult your doctor